Native Americans : Beyond Walden: The Hidden History of America's Kettle Lakes and Ponds.
Humans were an integral part of a seemingly timeless northern lake-forest ecosystem during most of the present interglacial period, roughly the last ten millennia. Though this indigenous culture was nearly wrecked by the European commodity exchange known as the fur trade, the indigenous people survived, and are now being revived. Readers curious about the natives of the Lake-Forest culture may be interested in my unusual treatment of what early explorers called “wandering foresters.”
Even coarse sand has life in it. This is a freshwater snail on a Rhode Island kettle lake shore.
Library Journal: The author “provides a complete natural and cultural history of kettle lakes, which are remnants of the Ice Age scattered along the path of retreating glaciers from Maine to Montana.
Beyond Walden: “The Ojibwe, and presumably the Archaic Algonquins who preceded them, believed that each member of their tribal nation was like a single wave upon a universal lake, a transient pulse of local energy on something larger and more mysterious than themselves.” [page 226]
PHOTO BANNER : "A Chippewa Family in the St. Croix Area" (1885) by Sanford C. Sargent, courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society. Ducks were an important fod source for Archaic foragers, as was wild rice from marshes (this photo is not wild rice, but shows a marsh in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.